Algeria–European Union relations

Bilateral relations
European Union–Algeria relations
Map indicating locations of European Union and Algeria

European Union

Algeria

Algeria–European Union relations are the foreign relations between the country of Algeria and the European Union.[1]

History

Algeria was a member of the European Community during its incorporation with France and after its independence from France. Algeria was a member of the European Community until 1976 when a formal treaty excluded Algeria.[2]

Trade

Algeria has been in an association agreement and a free trade agreement with the European Union since 2005.[3]

In 2016, 67% of Algeria's exports went to the EU and 44% of Algeria's imports came from the EU.[4] Fuel and mining products made up 95.7% of EU imports from Algeria in 2017.[3] Chemicals represented the second most important exported product, worth 2.9% of Algeria's exports to the EU.[3] The EU's main exports to Algeria are machinery (22.2%), transport equipment (13.4%), agricultural products (12.8%), chemicals (12.8%) and iron and steel (10.2%).[3]

Funding and assistance

Algeria is receiving €108 million - €132 million under the European Neighbourhood Instrument.[5] Currently funds are being used to promote economic efficiency, economic governance, and economic diversification, as well as strengthening democracy and reducing pollution.[5]

Algeria is a member of the Euro-Mediterranean Partnership. Algeria also receives funding under the Development Cooperation Instrument (DCI), under programmes such as the European Instrument for Democracy and Human Rights.[4] In total, these funds under the DCI were €5.5 million for 2015–2016.[4]

The European Union is helping Algeria with its accession to the World Trade Organization, as well as holding informal talks on migration.[3]

Chronology of relations with the EU

Timeline
Date Event
1 January 1958 The European Economic Community is established.
3 July 1962 Algeria gains independence from France following the Algerian War.
September 2005 The EU-Algeria Association Agreement enters into force.[3]
7 March 2017 The EU and Algeria adopt new Partnership Priorities.[3]

References

  1. ^ Although there has been a large degree of integration between European Union member states, foreign relations is still a largely intergovernmental matter, with the 27 members controlling their own relations to a large degree.[citation needed] However, with the Union holding more weight as a single bloc, there are at times[vague] attempts to speak with one voice, notably on trade and energy matters. The High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy personifies this role.
  2. ^ Brown, Megan (2022). The Seventh Member State: Algeria, France, and the European Community. Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-25114-4.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g "Algeria". European Commission Trade Policy. European Commission. Retrieved 2 May 2020.
  4. ^ a b c "Algeria" (PDF). European Commission. European Commission. Retrieved 2 May 2020.
  5. ^ a b "Algeria". European Neighbourhood Policy And Enlargement Negotiations. European Commission. Retrieved 2 May 2020.
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